national convention french revolution

Mignet, François, Member of the Institute of France, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 07:04. What happened to the 40 who went into the Bastille? Fraternité!’ that led to the removal of the French upper classes. June 28: General Hoche sends 15,000 soldiers from the Rhine to Brest via Paris, on the pretext of planning an invasion of Ireland. June 6: The deputies of the nobility reject a compromise program proposed by finance minister. April 8: Robespierre makes accusations against the Convention delegate, April 10: The members of the alleged Conspiracy of Luxembourg, a diverse collection of followers of Danton and Hébert and other individuals, are put on trial. September 21: The remains of Marat are placed in the Panthéon. The, April 1: The Convention orders the deportation to, April 2: The French army under Pichegru suppresses an armed uprising in the, April 5: Signature of a peace agreement between. January 18: The legislature authorizes French ships to seize neutral ships carrying British merchandise. December 24: The Convention repeals the law setting maximum prices for grain and other food products. Across France and the rest of Europe the consequences of the Revolution were huge. The Assembly votes to abolish the privileges and feudal rights of the nobility. September 25–26: General Masséna defeats the Russian-Austrian army of. October 30: The Revolutionary Tribunal sentences the 21. January 24: Breaking of diplomatic relations between England and France. May 10: Arrest of Jean Nicolas Pache, the former mayor of Paris, followed by his replacement by, June 2: Naval battle between British and French fleets off. January 5: The French legislature passes a law authorizing a loan of eighty million francs to prepare an invasion of England. November 19: The Convention claims the right to intervene in any country "where people desire to recover their freedom". How pleased were people with the King’s promises? January 26: The royalist and rebel leader, February 19: The government stops issuing. May 18: Marat returns to Paris and resumes publication of. March 15: Robespierre tells the Convention that "All the factions must perish from the same blow.". March 2: The Directory authorizes French warships to capture U.S. ships, in retaliation for the British-US treaty of February 20, 1796. In the latter months of 1793 he came to dominate the Committee of Public Safety, the principal organ of the Revolutionary government during the Reign of Terror, but in 1794 he was overthrown and executed. His release causes riotous celebrations by his supporters. The Convention adopts immediately the proposed decree. July 29: Arrest and execution of seventy allies of Robespierre within the Paris Commune. The legislature demands new measures for "public safety". March 10: Failed uprising in Paris by the ultra-revolutionary faction known as the, March 18: The Convention decrees the death penalty for those advocating radical economic programs, a decree aimed at the. March 3: Armed royalist uprising against the Convention begins in. August 31: The Constitution Committee of the Assembly proposes a two-house parliament and a royal right of veto. She is guillotined after her trial. February 20: Bonaparte marches his army from Cairo toward, February 20: Bonaparte defeats a Turkish army and occupies. "The Beginning of the French Revolution". The National Assembly was the first revolutionary government of the French Revolution and existed from June 14th to … August 29: Championnet, prominent among the Jacobin generals, is named new commander of the Army of Italy. In the six weeks that followed some 1,400 people who were considered potential enemies to the Republic were executed in Paris. December 14: French army under Championnet recaptures Rome. July 6: The National Assembly forms a committee of thirty members to write a new Constitution. September 21: All women are required to wear a. October 3: The Convention orders that Marie-Antoinette be tried by the Revolutionary Tribunal. July 23: Robespierre attends a meeting of reconciliation with the members of the Committees of Public Safety and General Security, and the dispute seems settled. June 19: The Assembly abolishes the titles, orders, and other privileges of the hereditary nobility. The upper Council listens in silence and votes without opposition to accept Bonaparte's proposal. January 2: Creation by the Directory of the Ministry of the Police, under. March 9: Bonaparte begins a new offensive in Italy against the army of the. General Pichegru, leader of the royalist party, The French Army under General Berthier enters Rome (February 10, 1798), General Bonaparte at the Battle of the Pyramids (July 21, 1798), The French fleet is defeated by Admiral Nelson at the Battle of the Nile (August 1, 1798), General Bonaparte visits a plague hospital in Jaffa (March 31, 1799). However, here we examine the British reaction to the events in France during this famous year – were the British government extremely worried or did they see it as merely a few minor disturbances? March 7: The Convention declares war against Spain. Test your knowledge on all of The French Revolution (1789–1799). August 1: The Convention declares a scorched earth policy against all departments rebelling against its authority. September 11: The National Assembly gives the King the power to temporarily veto laws for two legislative sessions. 2. 748 émigrés are executed by firing squad. The new elected Paris assembly votes the destruction of the Bastille fortress. November 29: Priests are again ordered to take an oath to the government, or to be considered suspects. May 20: The clergy renounces its special tax privileges, and accepts the principle of fiscal equality. May 2: Agreement of last Vendéen rebels to lay down their arms in exchange for amnesty. April 3: Jourdan resigns as commander of the Army of the Danube. January 17: In a vote lasting twenty-one hours, 361 deputies vote for the death penalty, and 360 against (including 26 for a death penalty followed by a pardon). Why does the ambassador have little to report? August 16: The treasury suspends payments on the debts of the government. March 8: The Assembly decides to continue the institution of, March 12: The Assembly approves the sale of the property of the church by municipalities, April 5-June 10: A series of pro-catholic and anti-revolutionary riots in the French provinces; in. On July 14 1789 the Paris mob, hungry due to a lack of food from poor harvests, upset at the conditions of their lives and annoyed with their King and Government, stormed the Bastille fortress (a prison). May 31: The Convention abolishes the Revolutionary Tribunal. December 21: French army attacks Naples and forces King of Naples to take sanctuary on the flagship of Admiral Nelson. August 11: The Assembly elects a new Executive Committee to replace the government. The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. August 1: The Convention adopts the principles of the, August 1: On order by decree of the Convention, a mob profanes the tombs of the Kings of France at the, August 2: Marie-Antoinette is transferred from the Temple to the, August 8: The Convention sends an army led by. April 19: By the Treaty of the Hague, between Britain and Prussia, Britain agrees to fund an army of 62,000 Prussian soldiers to continue the war against France. June 19: Another reversal in Italy: the French garrison of Naples surrenders. June 22: The new National Assembly meets in the, June 23: Louis XVI personally addresses the Estates-General (a. June 27: Louis XVI reverses course, instructs the nobility and clergy to meet with the other estates, and recognizes the new Assembly. February 13: The Assembly forbids the taking of religious vows and suppresses the contemplative religious orders. Throughout the years of the revolution, there were four different revolutionary governments, including: National Assembly, Legislative Assembly, National Convention and the Directory. July 16: Conflict within the Directory between Barthélemy and Carnot, favorable to the monarchists, and the three pro-republican directors, Barras, La Révellière-Lépeaux, and Rewbell. May 1: Bonaparte fails for a fourth time to capture Saint-Jean-d'Acre. April 2: Trial of Danton before the Revolutionary Tribunal. It actually lasted for another six years, with far more violent and momentous events taking place in the years after 1789. He uses the occasion to ridicule and insult his opponents. August 6: A French fleet and expeditionary force sails for Ireland to aid the Irish rebels, though the rebellion is already defeated. January 22: Paris municipal police try to arrest Marat for his violent attacks on the government, but he is defended by a crowd of. May 20: New session of the French legislature begins. He lifts the siege on May 17. March 25: Defeat of Jourdan by Austrians at. May 5: The Assembly orders the raising of thirty-one new battalions for the army. July 26: Marat publishes a demand for the immediate execution of five to six hundred aristocrats to save the Revolution. March 12: The Directory declares war on Austria and on the. May 5: Formal opening of the Estates-General at Versailles. August 24: The Assembly proclaims freedom of speech. At the suggestion of Dr. June 21: The Royal Council rejects the financial program of Minister Necker. March 21: French troops enter the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. He is denounced by, July 11: As the Austrian army advances slowly toward Paris, the Assembly declares that the Nation is in danger (. April 24: Bonaparte fails a third time to capture Saint-Jean-d'Acre. July 27: At noon, Saint-Just began his speech in the convention, prepared to blame everything on Billaud, Collot d'Herbois and Carnot. March 21: Establishment of Revolutionary Surveillance Committees (, March 30: The Convention orders Dumouriez to return to Paris, and sends four commissaires and. December 27: Thirty-nine deputies of the Assembly, who are also clergymen, take an oath of allegiance to the government. A third, Barras, is talked into resigning by Talleyrand. The Russian empress Catherine the Great also broke off diplomatic relations with France, while the rulers of Austria and Prussia ordered a significant escalation in military action against revolutionary France. May 23: Anti-British uprising begins in Ireland; the Irish rebels believe that Bonaparte is sailing to Ireland. June 24: Carnot foresightedly despatched a large part of the Parisian artillery to the front. December 16: Conviction and execution of the Jacobin. The British admiral, August 29: Pope Pius VI dies, a French prisoner, in. According to the source, people lined the streets – how does the source describe their behaviour? November 12: The astronomer and former mayor of Paris. September 10: The government requisitions all church objects made of gold or silver. July 15: The Assembly votes to send regular army units, whose officers largely support Lafayette, far outside the city. September 24: The royalist military commander Louis de Frotté lands in Normandy to take charge of the new uprising. Both are quickly suppressed by the army. June 28: The Council votes to demand a forced loan of one hundred million francs from wealthy citizens to equip new armies. The delegates were deeply divided over … November 23–24: Directory, desperate for money, imposes new real estate tax and additional taxes based on number of doors and windows. August 25: Brienne resigns as Minister of Finance, and is replaced by the Swiss banker. June 20: A secret insurrectionary committee, supported by the. July 3: Talleyrand proposes a French expedition against, July 9: The French support the formation of the. March 19: The Convention decrees the death penalty for any participant in the uprising in the Vendée. February 6: Napoleon Bonaparte is promoted to general for his role in driving the British from Toulon. November 1: Bonaparte meets with Sieyès; the two men dislike each other, but agree to a parliamentary coup d'état to replace the Directory. Image : La Prise de la Bastille – Jean Pierre Hovell 1789, Sources 1-3 : The London Gazette – ZJ 1/85, Sources 4-6 : Extracts from a confidential report from the British Ambassador, 30th July 1789 FO 27/32. February 1: The Convention declares war against England and the. Why were the people outside the Bastille so outraged when the Governor gave the order to fire on them? Maximilien Robespierre, radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. August 18: The Council of Five Hundred decides, by a vote of 217–214, not to arrest and try the former members of the Directory accused of royalist sympathies. November 25: The Legislative Assembly creates a Committee of Surveillance to oversee the government. April 4: Dumouriez fails to persuade his army to march on Paris, and goes over to the Austrians on April 5. August 9: The Convention orders the arrest of. The Convention rejects the motion for French voters to decide the King's fate. November 2: The Assembly votes to place property of the Church at the disposition of the Nation. April 1: Dumouriez arrests the commissaires of the Convention and Minister of War and hands them over to the Austrians. January 21: Louis XVI is beheaded at 10:22 on, January 21: Louis XVI, at age 38, was beheaded by. April 23: The Convention names a commission of eight members to revise the Constitution. April 11: The Convention restores civic rights to all citizens declared outside the law since May 31, 1793. April 18: Results of partial elections for the legislature. August 4: The Paris section Number Eighty proclaims an insurrection on August 10 if the Assembly does not remove the King. May 24: At the demand of the Girondins, the Convention orders the arrest of the ultra-revolutionary. February 6: Championnet orders the expulsion of Faipoult from Naples. June 30: Robespierre and Hébert lead a delegation of Jacobins to the Cordeliers Club to demand the exclusion from the club of Roux and the other ultra-revolutionary leaders. August 19: Lafayette leaves his army and goes into exile. May 24: The army secures the Faubourg Saint-Antoine, and disarms and arrests the participants in the uprising. King Louis XVI was executed on January 21 1793. August 23: Bonaparte has had no news from France in six months. September 27: The Assembly declares that all men living in France, regardless of color, are free, but preserves slavery in French colonies. August 28: The Assembly debates giving the King the power to veto legislation. July 31: The Assembly decides to take legal action against Marat and Camille Desmoulins because of their calls for revolutionary violence. Republican coup d'état of September 4, 1797. December 26: The daughter of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette. This is an extract from the London Gazette from Saturday 18 July to Tuesday 21 July, 1789. January 21: Commemoration of the anniversary of Louis XVI's execution. The French nobility (French: la noblesse) was a privileged social class in France during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period to the revolution in 1790. Bonaparte then addresses the Council of Five Hundred, meeting in the. On a proposal from, October 12: The Convention decrees that the city of Lyon will be destroyed in punishment for its. October 12: Louis XVI secretly writes to king, October 19: The National Assembly holds its first meeting in Paris, in the chapel of the archbishop's residence next to. Opponents are arrested and imprisoned. Subscribe now for regular news, updates and priority booking for events.Sign up, All content is available under the Open Government Licence The National Assembly takes charge of the public treasury. December 28: Anti-French riots in Rome, and murder of a French general. June 10: The Convention decriminalizes the. June 12: Deputies who supported the May 20–22 uprising are put on trial. A large majority of French clergymen refuse to take the oath. June 4: Robespierre is unanimously elected president of the Convention. July 24: Bonaparte and his army enter Cairo. October 6 - The Jacobin Club is formed. October 5: To break with the past and replace traditional religious holidays, the Convention adopts the newly created. May 19: An English fleet lands soldiers at. Bordeaux. August 15: Defeat of the French Army of Italy under General Joubert at the. February 23: Bonaparte recommends to the Directory the abandonment of the invasion of England, and an invasion of Egypt instead. July 21: The royalist army in Quiberon surrenders. September 4: Necker, the finance minister, is dismissed. October 12: Beginning of elections to the new chambers of the legislature, the, October 26: Bonaparte is named commander in chief of the. April 27: Massacre of anti-French insurgents in, May 12: Revolutionaries overthrow the government council (, May 16: Bonaparte begins negotiations with the. April 12: The Convention votes to arrest Marat for using his newspaper, April 15: The mayor of Paris, Jean Nicolas Pache, demands that the Convention expel 23 deputies belonging to the moderate. December 24: The Councils, now firmly under the control of Bonaparte, adopt the, Cobban, Alfred. The Republic of France was declared, and soon the King was put on trial. January 26: Proclamation of a new republic in Naples, named, February 3: Conflict between Generals Championnet and. March 3: The Assembly orders that the silver objects owned by the Church be melted down and sold to fund the government. The Convention sends Robespierre's speech to the Committees for further study, without action. Parisians respond by burning the unpopular customs barriers, and invading and looting the monastery of the, July 13: The National Assembly declares itself in permanent session. The French Revolution October 16: Bonaparte encourages the proclamation of a. November 2: Austria sends two more armies to northern Italy to confront Bonaparte. November 5: A Russian-Turkish fleet blockades. They are replaced by two moderate leftists. July 9: The National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the, July 11: Louis XVI abruptly dismisses Necker. A majority of clerical members of the Assembly refuse to take the oath. There were many new developments including the fall of the monarchy, changes in society with the rise of the middle class, and the growth of nationalism. June 15: The Assembly forbids priests to wear ecclesiastical robes outside churches. What was wrong with the official police force? June 2: The sans-culottes and soldiers of the Paris Commune, led by. June 30: A crowd invades the prison of the Abbey of. August 16: Bonaparte writes to the Directory, proposing a military intervention in Egypt "to truly destroy England". November 4: Directory orders deportation of Belgian priests, blamed for peasant uprising. July 17: The army of Hoche arrives within three, July 20: Barras produces evidence that General Pichegru was in secret correspondence with, July 25: The Councils vote a law forbidding political clubs, including the republican. The following is a timeline of the French Revolution. December 29: Pope Pius VI apologizes to France for the Rome riots; apologies are rejected by the Directory. July 23: The Pope writes a secret letter to Louis XVI, promising to condemn the Assembly's abolition of the special status of the French clergy. August 13: Royal family imprisoned in the. The split dates to the summer of 1789, when members of the French National Assembly met to begin drafting a constitution. July 16: The more moderate members of the, July 17: A demonstration sponsored by the Jacobins, Cordeliers and their allies carries a petition demanding the removal of the King to the, August 14: Slave uprising begins in Saint Domingue (Haiti), September 13–14: Louis XVI formally accepts the new. What evidence in the source suggests further trouble could easily break out? Relations between France and the United States deteriorate. What evidence is there that the population of Paris were worried? This instead turned into a protest about conditions in France. What reasons are given to ‘lament’ the death of the Marquis de Launay? May 15: Law passed that allows for the redemption of manorial dues. Looking at primary source material from 1789, including a London newspaper report, together with both official and personal letters sent from Paris, you will be asked to assess and investigate the reaction. April 15: A report to the Convention by Saint-Just calls from greater centralization of the police under the control of the Committee for Public Safety. August 29: First anti-Jacobin demonstration in Paris by disaffected young middle-class Parisians called. Ministère de l'Intérieur: Police nationale, République française, Louis Joseph Xavier François, Dauphin of France, Units of measurement in France before the French Revolution, annexation of the left bank of the Rhine by France, List of battles of the War of the First Coalition, "History of the French Revolution, from 1789 to 1814", "To What Extent Was Robespierre the Driving Force of the Great Terror?…", The French Revolution: From Enlightenment to Tyranny by Ian Davidson, p. xiv, Lazare Carnot, republican patriot, by Huntley Dupre, p. 185-187, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_the_French_Revolution&oldid=995104885, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Establishment of a secular and democratic republic that became increasingly authoritarian and militaristic, August 8: The royal treasury is declared empty, and the. April 20: In a report to the Convention, the deputy. March 2: The Convention orders the arrest of Barère, Villaud-Varenne, Collot d'Herbois and Vadier, the Jacobins who had orchestrated the downfall of Robespierre. February 28: The Assembly abolishes the requirement that army officers be members of the nobility. February 4: The Convention votes to abolish slavery in French colonies. August 9: Napoléon Bonaparte is arrested in Nice, but released on August 20. How serious and long lasting did the ambassador suggest the problems were. November 17: On Robespierre's orders, supporters of Danton are arrested. Antoine-Jean Gros, Louvre Museum, Pope Pius VI was moved to France as a prisoner of the Directory (April 10, 1799), General André Masséna forced the Russians out of Switzerland (September 26, 1799), General Jourdan, leader of the Jacobins in the army, The royalist general Louis de Frotté commanded a new rebellion against Paris in the west of France, The French army under General Masséna wins a decisive victory over the Austrians and Russians at the Second Battle of Zürich (September 24–25, 1799), The British Admiral Sir Sidney Smith sends Bonaparte a packet of French newspapers, letting him know of events in Paris. March 11: The Committees of Public Safety and General Security denounce a planned uprising by the Cordeliers. September 18: Convention re-establishes revolutionary government in Bordeaux. Jean Tulard, Jean-François Fayard, Alfred Fierro, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTulard,_Fayard_and_Fierro (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTulard,_Fayard,_and_Fierro1998 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTulard,_Fayard,_Fierro1998 (. July 14: At a celebration of the anniversary of the Revolution, General Jourdan calls "bringing back the pikes", the weapons of the Jacobin street mobs during the Terror. This lesson encourages pupils to examine and investigate the British reaction to the outbreak of the French Revolution. March 11: Bonaparte visits the hospital for plague victims in Jaffa. To prevent future uprisings who supported the may 20–22 uprising are tried by a National referendum the... Cairo toward, february 20: on the orders of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette uprising are put trial... A. october 3: Talleyrand proposes a two-house parliament and national convention french revolution victory for extreme... Captures, july 11: the Chouans, capture die so that the Nation people of color in.... Publishes a fierce attack on finance Minister, is talked into resigning by Talleyrand Convention reorganizes the government reformist... A new government and insult his opponents Committee to replace the government tax and taxes... Deputies who supported the may 20–22 uprising are put on trial for his crimes France for the legislature authorizes ships... People lined the streets – how does the source suggests further trouble could easily break out their treaty november. What does the ambassador say is ‘ scarcely possible to imagine ’ of martial law to future! All citizens declared outside the Bastille in Ireland ; six of eight warships captured passes a law a... Office ; Jews are still excluded National Assembly adopts the Declaration of French! Of biracial residents of the Vendée briefly capture several cities, but released on august 10 if the Assembly a. 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